As is known, the installation of a lift involves a series of obligations, which are indicated with extreme precision at the regulatory level. Obligations that are necessary in order to protect the safety of those who use the systems for vertical lifting of people and goods, precisely fixing the responsibilities in this regard. The plate of the lift cabin is also subject to precise fulfillment, on the basis of the D.P.R. April 30, 1999 n. 162 and subsequent amendments and additions. The legal obligation, in this case, falls in particular on the owner of the plant or on the administrator, who are called to display inside the cabin a plaque in which they must be reported a series of data judged with all very important evidence. These data, in particular, are: · The name of the installer and the manufacturing number; · The serial number assigned to the lift by the competent Municipal Office; · Its maximum capacity, which must be expressed in kilograms and the maximum number of people that can load. A series of data that are obviously called to set limits beyond which the use of the plant could expose to dangers of no small importance and which, therefore, should always be respected by users.
The importance of periodic verification
In addition to the use based on the limits shown by the cab nameplate, it should be emphasized that the lift must be maintained in full efficiency through a series of maintenance operations which can significantly contribute to reducing any risks. A care that is also required by the large number of facilities that according to AssoAscensori would be at risk of accident in our country: 600 thousand the number in question, or all those who would not be equipped with modern technologies that would ensure a higher level of security for users. Precisely to try to reduce the risks in this regard, the owner should instruct an authorized body to carry out a periodic check, ie once every two years. The body in charge of the periodic verification must in turn be the object of precise indication on the plate applied inside the lift cabin. Moreover, in the event that the body in charge is replaced with another, the change must be notified immediately to the competent Municipality, by means of a specific communication from the owner.
Who must perform periodic verification
The periodic verification must be performed by engineers of the local ASL or ARPA competent, or belonging to a certification body which has been authorized by the Ministry of Economic Development and notified to the European Commission. If, instead, the plants are installed in industrial plants or farms, the checks must be carried out by the provincial directorate of the Ministry of Labor and the social policies responsible for the territory. During the verification, however, the plant maintenance technician must be present, who will be called to carry out the verification operations indicated by the verifying engineer. Once the verification has been completed, the person who performed it is required to issue the relative report not only to the owner, but also to the company in charge of maintenance. In addition, if it is negative, it is required to communicate the outcome to the competent municipal office which in turn will provide to seal the system in order to prevent its operation until the conditions of safety. Finally, it should be remembered that the expenses for carrying out the periodic checks are to be borne by the owner of the building in which the system is installed.
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