The elevators are now a custom for millions of Italians, who thanks to them can make their vertical paths easier, especially inside the buildings characterized by a large number of floors. A feeling implemented over time not only by the fact that an elevator is able to greatly simplify everyday life, but also by the observation that without them many buildings would be virtually unusable for people who are burdened by motor disability more or less serious.
When it comes to elevators, however, it is necessary to know that there are many types and that they can be installed even in very different contexts. Variations in typology, in particular, depend on the context in which they are inserted. So let’s see how the elevators can be divided.
The various types existing
As we have already mentioned, precisely the variety of contexts in which they can go to operate involves a subdivision of the elevators into different types. In particular, we can divide them this way:
1) hydraulic lifts;
2) electric lifts;
3) lifts without machine compartment;
6) panoramic lifts;
7) lifts for public buildings;
8) freight elevator;
9) stairs and moving walkways;
10) stair lift.
Hydraulic lifts are the most widespread type in Italy and are characterized by a movement that is obtained by means of the motion made possible by the connection between a hydraulic piston and an oil pump by means of a pipe inside which flows the fluid under pressure. . They need a compartment for the machines adjacent to the race, which must host the oil control unit and control panel and where this is not possible, all the necessary mechanical and electronic equipment can be placed in a special cabinet. They are mainly used in buildings where high speeds and traffic volumes, such as residential and commercial ones, are not needed.
The electric lifts are those driven by a winch delegated to transmit the motion to the cab by the adherence of the ropes and whose engine must necessarily be placed at the top of the shaft. Precisely for this reason, during the design phase it is necessary to provide for the positioning of the machine room, where the winch and control panel will be located, at the top of the shaft. The resulting loads must then be supported by the insole that delimits the upper end of the compartment. This type of lift is particularly suitable for buildings where traffic and speed are high, such as hotels, public offices, business centers or hospitals. Usually they are equipped with an inverter that allows you to adjust all the parameters of the race and have the advantage of being able to adapt to any type of building, while the main disadvantage lies in the high cost.
Lifts without machine compartment
Machine room-less lifts are particularly suitable for installation in existing buildings with limited space, as they do not require a machine room at the top of the compartment. However, it is necessary to install the control panel on the top floor and the hooks in the ceiling of the shaft.
Among the aspects to consider is the fact that all the weight of the plant is to be discharged to the bottom of the building, having therefore to take into account hooks of adequate capacity at the top of the shaft.
Miniascensors are the ideal solution for renovations in old buildings or in situations where the available space is very small, joining the not very high range, as happens for example in small buildings or private homes. Since these solutions are used to overcome architectural barriers, they benefit from tax relief for the installation and reduced VAT to 4%. The versatility is mixed with a small footprint, so as not to foresee the presence of pit and head and these systems go to take advantage of the domestic 230V – single phase current.
The panoramic elevators are another solution that has spread over the last few years, proving to be a good alternative not only in offices and shopping centers, but also within those condominiums where it is not possible to obtain a dedicated space. The walls and doors made of glass are combined with attention to design, creating an environment that is often pleasing from an aesthetic point of view.
Lifts for public buildings
The elevators for public buildings are characterized by high flow rates, as they have to go to serve buildings with high visitor traffic, starting from shopping centers, hotels or hospitals, where the large number of visitors It is important to opt for extra-large service lifts and equipped with a robust and extremely reliable mechanical system.Massage racksThe elevator, due to their particular function as vertical connection systems, must meet particular needs, starting from strength and functionality. Their installation can take place either by creating a proper compartment or by placing it outdoors with a lid used to protect the compartment. Stairways and moving walkwaysThe escalators are a flexible and practical means, therefore suitable especially for inside shopping centers, airports and stations, so as to improve the usability of buildings and ensure a wide transport capacity, aimed at the safe handling of large flows of people often with bulky luggage.The mobile carpets allow the movement of vehicles and horizontal or inclined luggage, but unlike the escalators, the moving surface is always flat and therefore more accessible. ClimbingThe stairlifts are the ideal solution for those who have mobility problems even inside their homes, due to the presence of gradients or other obstacles. Precisely for this they enjoy tax breaks that can turn them into a real investment, as the deduction of 50% in the tax declaration.
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