The presence of elevators in Italy, which sees our country leader in the global ranking in this particular classification, naturally imposes a series of significant problems in terms of maintenance and safety, considering how the malfunction of a technological device of this kind can have a series of far-reaching consequences for users. Precisely for this reason the condominium administrators and all those who have responsibilities in relation to the presence of an elevator should ask themselves this question: is there a compulsory documentation in this regard?
What is the mandatory documents for lifts in Italy?
The answer to the question is certainly positive. In fact, when installing a lift or a freight elevator, it is necessary to follow the guidelines prepared by the Italian legislation in this regard. To know with absolute precision which are the prescriptions that must be followed, we must refer to the art. 16 of the D.P.R. 162 issued in 1999 and subsequently amended by the D.P.R. 23 which was instead launched in 2017.
What does Article 16 are include?
In particular, that the owner is in possession of a booklet on which a series of declarations must be reported, namely:
1) all the minutes related to the periodic and extraordinary checks that have been noted or attached;
2) the results of maintenance visits carried out over time;
3) a copy of the declarations of conformity;
4) a copy of the communications sent by the owner or his legal representative to the competent municipal office;
5) a copy of the communication from the competent municipal office to the owner or his legal representative that relates to the registration number assigned to the plant.
As far as the booklet is concerned, it must not only be kept constantly updated, but also kept available in the event of any controls that are carried out at the disposal of the competent authorities.
What are the operations to be performed on an elevator?
As we have mentioned, elevators must be carefully controlled, precisely because a failure or a possible malfunction can have far-reaching consequences on users. In fact, it is sufficient to scroll through the newspaper articles to understand the dimensions of this problem, especially considering that in Italy, despite having registered a decrease in the number of accidents in the last year, there are 700 thousand elevators, which date back to the previous period. to 1999. Many of them, even, were installed in the first half of the century, thus raising considerable concern about their actual conditions. It is clearly a case of devices that could be a major problem in the immediate future, unless the owners decide to submit them to a revision or even replace them.
It must therefore be remembered that the checks aimed at the maintenance of the platforms delegated to the vertical movement of people and things must be at least half-yearly for the elevators and the annual ones for the freight elevators. Furthermore, every two years the plant must undergo a periodic verification that is carried out by the body in charge of the evaluation according to the law.
The internal tag on the elevator
Finally, it should be underlined how, on the basis of the regulations in force in our country, the plant must bear a plate showing the following data:
a) the person who has the task of carrying out the periodic checks required by law;
b) the name of the installer and / or manufacturer and the manufacturing number;
c) the serial number of the lift;
d) the overall capacity of the plant expressed in kilograms;
e) where it is intended, the maximum number of people that it can carry in one trip.
In addition, any warnings for use must be reported, in particular those that prohibit the use by unaccompanied minors of 12 years.
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