Elevators are increasingly indispensable in a society that has for some time chosen to exploit the height to build homes without consuming more portions of land.A choice adopted for some time in large and small cities, which has however led to the resolution of problems related to the need to move people and things in vertical buildings. The instrument adopted was naturally the elevator, which in Italy has enjoyed extraordinary success since the years of the economic boom.In fact, there are more than one million platforms along the peninsula , creating a fleet that is however very often obsolete.The majority of the elevators in question, in fact, is now decades old and works in a rather uncertain manner, posing considerable problems in terms of safety. In fact, it is enough to read the newspapers to see how frequent the accidents involving users are, with results that can even turn out to be deadly.Precisely for this reason, for years now, the associations that bring together companies in the sector have been clamoring for legislative action such as to make the intervention on plants now clearly inadequate mandatory.However, pressures that have not yet found support in the institutions, above all because of the costs that the interventions on the plants entail, considered too full-bodied at a time that is still problematic from an economic point of view.
Restructuring and minimum size of elevators: what the law says
The normative reference that makes text, when it comes to restructuring and minimum dimension of elevators, isThe Ministerial Decree 236 of 1989 , which sets very precise space requirements, which vary according to the type and intended use. In the case of pre-existing buildings the minimum measures to be respected, in the case in which it is not possible to install to larger stairways, are the following: – 1.20 m eterdeep; – 0.80 metersfor the opening compartment door on the short side; – 1.40 x 1.40 meters with regard to the distribution platform placed in the space in front of the cabin. Usually, in such cases the elevator is placed in the stairwell.If the same is too limited, it can be re proceeds to the reduction of size of the stairs so as toplace to get the elevator, operation, however, can be quite expensive. With regard to new buildings which have more than three floors , it is then mandatorythe presence of an elevator and that the system complies with the legal requirements.In this case, the elevator minimum dimensions are greater than those provided instead for the adaptation of existing zi spa, because the cabin must be equipped with at least 1.40 meters deep and 1.10 in width, as well as an opening on the shorter side for no less than 80 centimeters.The distribution platform positioned in front of the car must finally be at least 1.50 to 1.50 meters.
Renovating an elevator: tax breaks can help a lot
As we have already mentioned, the restructuring involves not only the need to respect the minimum dimensions provided for the elevators, but also a considerable economic effort borne by the owners .Precisely this is considered the greatest obstacle for an adjustment of the national lift park, above all in consideration of the persistence of unfavorable economic conditions. However, it should be emphasized that it is possible to mitigate the economic exposure by taking advantage of the tax breaks envisaged for building renovations, which have been in place for years precisely in order to support a very important sector of our economy.Mong the main interventions provided to that effecton the individual units, which enjoy ie de lla tax deduction s ulle building renovations, ranging in fact to re-enter the new elevator installation or replacement of the existing one, it isexternal system or internal, with another which present different characteristics, or to give life to ‘adaptation required by law number 13 of 1989 (Provisions to facilitate the overcoming and removal of architectural barriers in private buildings).By virtue of the provisions of the various Budget Laws approved over the years, the tax relief granted amounts to 50% of the amount actually spent, to be repaid in ten equal annual installments, through deductions on the tax return.An opportunity not to be missed.
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